6. Cutting your block into panels and manipulating darts

Cutting and slashing your block into different pattern panels is yet another fundamental part of paper pattern making. It’s possibly the first thing that we learn as pattern makers. It’s a very similar concept in Adobe Illustrator, but doing it well can be tricky. This tutorial focuses on two separate methods and introduces the Pathfinder tool. We also explain how to use your pattern panels to close darts by rotating them around the bust point. There’s a lot of content in this tutorial, but it’s well worth watching.

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Tutorial Overview

1.Technique one: Extending your neckline line using the Pen tool to extend it beyond the outline for your basic block in preparation for cutting the block.

2. Decreasing the weight of your line to create a fine cut line. 

3. Transforming your fine cut line into an object using the Expand tool.

4. Exploring layers and the arrangement of objects in Adobe Illustrator.

5. Cutting your basic block using the object and the Minus Front Pathfinder tool.

6. Creating your new neckline by removing the upper panel.

7. Technique two: Using your neckline line as a guide to cut your block.

8. Separating the two pattern panels and duplicating the neckline line.

9. Combining the separate neckline lines to their respective separated pattern panels using the Join tool.

10. Bonus – Using the Eyedropper tool to add the attributes of your existing block to your new pattern panels.

11. Dart manipulation: Cutting the block at the shoulder line and bust point using technique two in preparation for closing the existing dart.

12. Using the Pathfinder tool to individually close the separate pattern panels of your block.

13. Ungrouping your block to release the individual pattern panels. Regrouping each panel separately in preparation for closing the dart. 

14. Selecting and rotating the left block around the bust point to close the lower dart and open a new dart on the shoulder. 

15. Using the Pathfinder tool to reunite the existing pattern panels into one block. Includes Add Anchor Point tool and how it affects the Pathfinder tool

16. Repeating the whole process using the back block dart.

17. Repeating the process by cutting the back block in two using a curved line. 

18. Closing the top dart to create one seamless upper panel.

19. Locking the upper panel to create a template using the Lock tool. 

19. Refining the upper block’s curved line by using the existing curved line as a template.

20. Unlocking the upper panel, joining the new curved line to the upper panel and removing the existing curved line. 

21. Renaming the text elements on your block and finalising your pattern.


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